Citing References

Often, you will find the need to use someone else’s ideas to justify what you are writing in your essay or assignment. You may have found these ideas from a book, magazine article, television or radio program, newspaper report or workshop you attended. Using it because it is of interest to you and your audience is called “referencing”. If you use a reference, such as a quote or an idea or a work correctly, you could be accused of plagiarism. It is, therefore, necessary to ensure that you take all precautionary steps to reference your material correctly and accurately. Besides, you would not want others to quote you and not give you credit for it, would you?

Warnborough favours the Harvard style of bibliographical citation. Below, you will find a series of examples and guidelines as to how you can reference different works appropriately. This spans everything from books to websites. This is by no means an exhaustive selection and not every single type of referencing can be covered. However, we feel the examples provided will allow your audience to find out clearly and succinctly where and how you got your information from, and follow up on that if they wish to. The examples used here may not refer to actual published texts. Do note especially in the examples given:

  • The order.
  • Where there are capital letters.
  • What is in italics (underlining is used if the assignment is handwritten or typed on a conventional typewriter. Use italics if a wordprocessor is used.)
  • Punctuation